Vaginismus

Aphrodite, musée archéologique national d'Athènes, Grèce - Crédit photo : Ricardo André Frantz.

Vaginismus is the involuntary contraction of the lifting muscles of the anus that extend on each side of the vagina, thus preventing any vaginal penetration. It is often accompanied by anal contraction, buttocks and abdominals.

It is estimated that 2% of women in France suffer from vaginismus.

The causes of vaginismus are psychological. It can occur during intercourse (penetration), during exploratory exercises (finger, tampon), or during a gynaecological examination (speculum).

If penetration is made impossible by vaginismus, women who suffer from it may nevertheless feel sexual excitement and be able to orgasm (by masturbation or cunnilingus for example).

In most cases, the treatment of vaginismus requires psycho-sexological management to solve the problem.